China Civil Aviation Twelfth Five-Year Plan. Set to strategically rebuild China aviation

5th12yearplanChina Civil Aviation Twelfth Five-Year Plan. Set to strategically rebuild China aviation

Twelfth Five-Year  Plan

The goal of China’s "Twelfth Five-Year  Plan" is to strategically build aviation in order to guide the  development of the civil aviation industry to ensure continued safety,  to speed up the construction of the infrastructure and to improve the  air transport network, enhance the quality of transport and actively  develop general aviation, while significantly enhancing the capacity  of civil aviation and its comprehensive services.

Part I: Enhancing Airport Security

  1. Optimize Airport Layout

Implement the overall “National Civil Airports Layout Plan”, and use  economic & social development as a means to adjust and perfect it.  Consummate the international hub airports and the trunk airports as the  backbone, and the regional airports as supplementary for the aviation  network. Enhance the airports complementary function in the areas of the  Pearl River Delta, Yangtze River Delta, and Beijing-Tianjin-Hebei to  promote the multi-airport system. By 2015, civil airports will cover  more than 81% of the total of counties and cities, cover more than 83%  of the population and more than 94% of the GDP.

  1. Speed Up Airport Construction

Speeding up the existing airports’ capacities. Actively promote airport  expansion projects and improve airport security capabilities. Further  strengthen the three hub constructions in Beijing, Shanghai Pudong and  Guangzhou to improve international hub functions.

Relocate the airports in Qinhuangdao, Jinzhou, Luzhou, Yanan and others,  while studying the construction of the new airports in Chengdu,  Qingdao, Xiamen and Dalian.

Construct new regional airports rationally. Actively promote the  re-construction of the non-transport airports or transfer into the  transport airports, and encourage the use of the already existing  military airports.

Actively construct airport ATC facilities. Speed up the upgrading of the  ATC facilities in the small and medium-sized airports, gradually  realizing the standardized configuration, and overall improving and  upgrading the ATC security capabilities of the small and medium-sized  airports.

  1. Improve Operation Management Efficiency

Deepen the reform of airport management, develop new airport businesses,  promote the transforming of the business operation model, improve the  efficiency of the resources allocated, and build a fair, high quality,  high efficient airport public service platform. Optimize airport service  procedures, improve the information exchange platform, perfect service  facilities and the procedure design, reduce baggage sorting error rates  and realize direct baggage transferring at the hub. Implement an  operation scheme to fully exert airports infrastructure capacities, and  promote the multi-airport system and multi-runway operation efficiency.

  1. Secure the Aviation Fuel Supply

The aviation fuel supply will be about 28.5 million tons in 2015.  Reasonable layout and construction of the refined oil storage and  transportation distribution base in the Yangtze River Delta, Pearl River  Delta, Bohai Rim and Southwest Region. Construction of the aviation  fuel strategic reserves in Southern China. Improve aviation fuel  acquisition capabilities; develop aviation fuel logistics, stabilize,  expand and optimize the aviation fuel supply channel. According to the  key airport relocation and expansion projects, strengthen the logistics,  storage, filling and long distance pipelines at the airports in  Guangzhou, Xi’an, Hangzhou, Xiamen and etc.. Explore and implement an  aviation fuel supply security pattern suitable for general aviation and  regional aviation. Enhance aviation fuel safety management.


Part II: Establish a Modern ATC Service System

  1. Improve the ATC Network

Plan & adjust the air route network, to form an air route network  frame with a hub-and-spoke air route network, regional trunk air route  network and regional air route network. Build domestic mega-capability  air channel. In the busy regions such as Beijing-Guangzhou,  Beijing-Shanghai and etc., add a number of trunk air routes or design  parallel air routes. Construct the mega-capability hub-and-spoke air  routes and regional trunk air routes. Expand the ATC network coverage.  Optimize air route structures in the busy regions.

  1. Improve ATC operational efficiency

Deepen the reform of the regional control zone, adjusting it to 8 upper  control areas and 27 middle and low control zones. Strengthen the ATC  center constructions and promote the mega-area control operation in the  upper control areas. Implement the RVSM. Establish the ATC operation  management system. Optimize the ATC operation coordination mechanism,  continuously promote airspace management and adopt mechanisms for  innovation. Strengthen the construction of the weather and flight  information services capabilities.

  1. Enhance ATC Technology Security

Improve the ATC automation level, using the upper control center as the  core and establishing a national ATC automation system integration  framework. Improve the ATC communications, navigation and surveillance.  Improve the ATC equipment operation management level. Promote the  application of new ATC technology and enhance the construction of an  advanced technological service platform. Focus on the application of the  automation system integration process, ATN/AMHS, ground-air data link  system, GBAS, en route convective weather forecast system, plateau  airport weather forecast system and other new technologies.

 Part III: Improve Civil Aviation Service Capability

  1. Vigorously Develop Passenger Transportation

Optimize the domestic trunk route network construction. Develop shuttle  passenger transportation; increase direct flight density; construct the  trunk air transportation channel; develop aviation express  transportation among the trunk airports with over 10 million passenger  volume. Increase the level of flight density among the hub-and-spoke  airports, provincial capitals, open coastal cities and key tourism  cities. Lead the airlines to provide multilevel, differential aviation  services. Encourage low cost airlines to gradually integrate into the  main trunk transportation market.

Promote regional aviation development. Encourage code-sharing, joint  ventures and transportation cooperation for regional flights; promote  the inaccessible and smooth transport capabilities for regional  aviation. Optimize the access system for regional aviation. Choose the  northwest, southwest and other ground accessible area for the trial and  implementation of the basic aviation service plan.

Vigorously develop the hub-and-spoke operation for supporting  international passenger transportation. Optimize the international air  route network, increase the European & US air route density, try to  open international routes for connecting China with South America and  Africa and actively promote the integration process in the nearby Asia  region. Increase the coverage and scope of the hub-and-spoke network  radius, increase the distribution capability of the hub, and improve the  international passengers transfer percentage.

Actively participate in the cooperation and competition with  international counterparts. Participate in the cooperation and  competition with the international civil technical & economic areas  in a bigger range, more areas and a higher level; import investment,  technology and management with an open attitude. Foster the  mega-networking airlines with international competition capabilities;  set up the aviation cargo carriers with stronger international  competition capabilities; and promote international aviation  transportation competition abilities.

  1. Actively Develop Cargo & Mail Transportation

Improve international cargo capabilities. Encourage the merger and  acquisition, restructuring and business cooperation among cargo  airlines. Establish one all-cargo airline with stronger international  competition capabilities. Actively and gradually open the cargo market,  lead our cargo airlines to open international air routes, join the  international cargo airlines alliance and expand air cargo networks.

Promote air cargo logistics services. Encourage the cargo airlines to  cooperate with railroad, highway, waterway and other transportation  enterprises and the postal service, as well as express delivery  enterprises to optimize ground logistics networks, and develop a  multi-mode transportation network. Encourage the set up of aviation  bonded logistic parks nearby the airports. Guide in the building of the  aviation logistics public information platform.

Support and encourage cargo airlines to build air cargo hubs,  distribution centers and express mail processing centers, as well as  provide the support for air route operation rights and flight schedules.  Guide the forming of three international cargo hubs in Bohai Rim,  Yangtze River Delta and Pearl River Delta. Enhance airport cargo hub  construction in Shenyang, Xiamen, Zhengzhou, Wuhan, Chengdu, Chongqing,  Kunming, Xi’an, Urumqi and etc..

  1. Try to Increase the On-Time Flight Rate

Take the necessary measures to improve the on-time flight rate. Optimize  the statistical approach for the on-time flight rate, implement  measures for the refinement of the minimum commitment standard for  transportation services. Establish the public information notification  mechanism for on-time flight rates and the average delay times in the  major airports. Use the on-time flight rate as the preconditions for the  application of air routes and flights. At large airports, adopt the  “cutting the peak and filling the basin” strategy to avoid flight jams.  Build an incentive and restrain mechanism for on-time flight rates, and  improve the ATC level for improving the on-time flight rate.

Establish a large-area flight delay emergency mechanism. The large  airports, airlines and ATC units must establish and improve their  information centers and command centers in case of a large-area flight  delay emergency. Timely and effectively notifying of the flight delay  information and solutions to the general public. Build an evaluation  mechanism for the treatment after the flight delays.


Part IV: Speed Up General Aviation

  1. Promote Infrastructure Construction

Explore the low-altitude airspace operation mode for general aviation.  Build up the layout for GA airports, landing points, establish and  optimize the integrated security capabilities, i.e. ATC, maintenance and  oil supplies, form a batch of aviation service stations, and introduce  the FBOs. Support non-profit aviation service networks for agriculture  and forestry, sea rights, emergency rescue in the east coast, northeast  and west China. Speed up the commuter airports’ layout and construction  in the special area.

  1. Improve the Enterprises’ Operation Environment

Support GA enterprises ran by the general public and participate in the  construction of GA airports and operation security facilities. Establish  a subsidy mechanism to support and lead the development of the GA  enterprise. Consolidate GA’s traditional services in the industries of  agriculture, forestry, flight training and etc. Actively explore  commuter flights, business flights, air tours and private flights.  Increase the number of GA enterprises, enlarge the operation scope and  focus on 3-5 key GA enterprises. Speed up the commuter aviation pilot  zone in Inner Mongolia, and select a number of regions in the west and  northwest for the construction of commuter aviation. Set up the market  orientation and fees for the benefit management of GA enterprise  development.

  1. Optimize the Regulation & Standards

Accelerate the development of the standards and construction procedures  for GA airports and landing points. Speed up the development of  regulations for GA market access, and standardize the classifications of  GA operations, and further lower the barriers to market entry. Simplify  the non-profit GA entity’s registration process. Optimize the GA  industry’s statistics index system and plan the GA construction  information system.

Optimize the GA operation regulations. Speed up the GA safety monitoring  systems, further enhance and optimize the construction of the GA safety  system. Construct and optimize the ATM mechanism and technical  specifications for China’s GA development.

Work on the low-altitude airspace management reform supporting works.  Modify the “Regulations on GA flights”, construct a low-altitude  airspace regulations and standards system, research the operational  management mechanism. Before 2015, set up pilot zones in Beijing,  Lanzhou, Ji’nan, Nanjing, Chengdu, and construct the low-altitude  operational management & service security system.

 Part V: Secure the Aviation Continuous Safety

  1. Perfect the Safety Monitoring Management System

Establish a healthy safety monitoring system to cover the whole  industry, realize the network monitoring operation mode for cross  specialty and cross region cooperation.

  1. Enhance the Security System’s Construction

Establish the aviation security management system.

Establish the threat evaluation and forecast system.

Improve the facilities and equipment's security capabilities.

Enhance the air security force’s construction.

  1. Enhance the Emergency Handling Capabilities

Establish the emergency working system.

Enhance emergency service capabilities.

Improve risk handling capabilities.

  1. Improve the Airworthiness System’s Level

Speed up the construction for the airworthiness certification capabilities.

Enhance the layout and construction of maintenance capabilities.

Improve the aviation supplies integration security capabilities.

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